Understand the types of CPR, how to administer each one and where to go for training and certification.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly referred to as CPR, can help save a life during a cardiac or breathing emergency. Even after training, remembering the CPR steps and administering them correctly can be a challenge. To help someone in need, the American Red Cross has provided the following to determine if CPR is necessary:
Before Giving CPR:
- Secure the scene – Check the scene and the person. Make sure the scene is safe, then tap the person on the shoulder and shout “Are you OK?” to ensure that the person needs help.
- Call 911 – If it’s evident that the person needs help, call (or ask a bystander to call) 911, then send someone to get an AED. (If an AED is unavailable, or there is no bystander to access it, stay with the victim, call 911 and begin administering assistance.)
- Open the airway – With the person lying on his or her back, tilt the head back slightly to lift the chin.
- Check for breathing – Listen carefully, for no more than 10 seconds, for sounds of breathing. (Occasional gasping sounds do not equate to breathing.) If there is no breathing, begin CPR.
When CPR is needed, it’s important to follow the correct steps for the type of CPR that’s suitable for the recipient you’re trying to revive:
Ready to certify? Contact your local safety representative to learn about becoming a First Responder. Or visit redcross.org to find and schedule a CPR training course online or in-person near you.